Sugar or glucose levels really go extreme in case of diabetes. There are different causes why blood sugar spikes and gets up to 700 in some people. There are two main defects behind it.
Pancreas in your body is a vital organ which stops producing enough insulin, a hormone which promotes the transfer of glucose from bloodstream into the body’s cells that is used as energy.
Insulin-resistance is another complicated condition associated with diabetes. It takes place mainly in case of type 2 Diabetes. In this condition, our cells stop insulin response in our body that can control glucose levels. If you have insulin resistance and/or lack of insulin, diabetes or high blood sugar is very common.
Causes of High Blood Sugar Levels
If left untreated, high blood sugar levels are the main cause of prolonged complications and short term impacts. Over the short period, high blood sugar doesn’t do much damage to your body but you may feel weak and tired, urinate much, and feel thirsty more often, have impaired vision, and be more vulnerable to infections. High blood sugar levels cause electrolyte imbalance, dehydration, and even falls on elderly.
Over the long term, high blood sugar levels can cause chronic complications, eye diseases which cause blindness, kidney disease or kidney failure which needs either transplantation or dialysis from time to time, and even nerve damage. If diabetes is not controlled for long time, it can also cause heart disease and poor cholesterol control.
What to Do?
- Stay Hydrated – High blood glucose levels call for frequent urination to remove extra sugar and it leads to dehydration. So, you should drink plenty of water to keep the numbers down.
- Insulin – If you take insulin, be sure to take a bolus injection that can bring down the numbers drastically.
If you don’t take fast-acting injection or not on insulin regimen, simply ride the bike or take a brisk walk to bring the numbers down.
- Keep track on carb intake – No matter how strict you are on your carbs intake, they are still converted into glucose by the body. Sagging off on carbs intake is a best way to control your numbers.
Listed above are the immediate steps you can take to curb down the numbers. To reduce the chances of distressing episodes of high blood sugar levels, adapt the following practices into your life –
Exercise – It is a good habit, even though you may not feel any drop in blood sugar. It helps control your appetite and works in weight management, generates overall well-being, and maintains muscle strength.
Reduce Intake of high carbs – It is another lifestyle quality factor if your blood sugar level exceeds.
Lose weight – It is common yet tried and tested technique. Aim to lose at least 5 to 7 percent of body weight. It will pose a huge effect on insulin response and heart rate.
Keep Stress Lower – Like diabetes, stress is inflammatory by nature too. No matter how complex your life is to take more breaks to de-stress yourself, you can take at least a few minutes to relax and forget all your life problems. This small thing can be of great help.
Insulin – If you are on insulin regimen, be sure to take it in controlled amount. According to Dr. Richard Bernstein, you should take small doses instead of large to manage your diabetes and avoid falling in trap of covering your high carb intake with heavy insulin doses.
Look at Diabetes Patterns – Don’t forget to keep track on the diabetic patterns of your body. It will be helpful for you to avoid overreacting in some cases or taking major steps. Take your time to keep track on your patterns. Track varied combinations of exercise, time, and food.
Review Prescriptions over time – Keep in mind that your medications to control your diabetes will lose their effectiveness over time. This is the reason you start with sulfonylurea or metformin and later you switch to or add Byetta, Januvia, or Invokana. If you are losing control even after taking medications on time, you should ask your doctor and ask for other medications. You should also keep track on insulin.
P.S. – The information given above in this post is for information purpose only and is not considered as an alternative to doctor’s prescription. So, we request you to please make decisions according to your doctor’s advice.